Bhuj, India from Space
April 09, 2001
On January 26, 2001, the city of Bhuj suffered the most deadly earthquake in India's history. Nearly 17,000 people were killed, and more than 800,000 homes were damaged or destroyed. In this image, the city of Bhuj appears as a gray area at the scene center, and the city airport is toward the north (top). Bhuj was the historical capital of the Kachchh region. Vegetation appears green. Rugged but low relief hills of previously folded and faulted rock appear south (bottom) and northwest (upper-left) of the city.
This stereoscopic image was generated by draping a Landsat satellite image (taken just two weeks after the earthquake) over a preliminary Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) elevation model. Two differing perspectives were then calculated, one for each eye. They can be seen in 3-D by viewing the left image with the right eye and the right image with the left eye (cross-eyed viewing) or by downloading and printing the image pair and viewing them with a stereoscope. When stereoscopically merged, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Geologists use stereoscopic views, similar to this image, to locate landforms indicative of long-term (and possibly ongoing) deformation.