Epiphytes on Orcas Island
November 01, 2013
Photographer: John Kupersmith; John's Web site
Summary Authors: John Kupersmith; Jim Foster
The photo above shows miniature ferns that have colonized the top of a stump in an old-growth section of Moran State Park on Orcas Island, Washington. These ferns are most likely licorice ferns; a common type of epiphyte found in the Puget Sound area. Orcas Island was extensively logged in the nineteenth century. Second-growth trees, including, Coast Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii) and Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) now occupy much of the island and support luxuriant undergrowth (photo at left). Photo taken on September 27, 2013.
Photo details: Top - Sony RX100ii camera; ISO 1000; 1/80 sec. exposure; f/4.0. Inset - Camera Maker: SONY; Camera Model: DSC-RX100M2; Lens: 10.4-37.1mm f/1.8-4.9; Focal Length: 10.4mm (35mm equivalent: 28mm); Aperture: f/4.0; Exposure Time: 0.033 s (1/30); ISO equiv: 800; Exposure Bias: -0.70 EV; Metering Mode: Center Weight; Software: DSC-RX100M2 v1.00.