Mount Cameroon

December 06, 2005

Mt_cameroon copy

Provided by: Walter Handy
Summary authors & editors: Walter Handy

Mount Cameroon, altitude 4,095 meters (13,435 ft), is one of a chain of active and inactive volcanoes forming the Cameroon Line. This chain begins at the island of Annobon (Equatorial Guinea) located in the Atlantic Ocean 350 km (217 miles) from the African coast. The island nations of Sao Tome and Principe as well as Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea) are also located on this line, which runs through Cameroon and ends in Nigeria. Some studies attribute the formation of the volcanoes to a leaky transform fault associated with the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. An alternate interpretation evokes a hot spot origin for the chain. The location of the above picture, taken on September 28, 2005, is approximately 40 km (25) in the Gulf of Guinea, looking to the north.

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